Pentecostalism, gerontocratic rule and democratization in Malawi : the changing position of the young in political culture

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Pentecostalism, gerontocratic rule and democratization in Malawi : the changing position of the young in political culture

Type: Article in monograph or in proceedings
Title: Pentecostalism, gerontocratic rule and democratization in Malawi : the changing position of the young in political culture
Author: Dijk,R.A.van
Start Page: 164
End Page: 188
Publisher: St. Martin's Press, New York
Issue Date: 1999
Keywords: Malawi; Baptist Church; generations; democracy
Abstract: This chapter explores the relationship between the father-metaphor, gerontocratic power, democratization and religion in the context of changing political culture in Malawi. It argues that democratization in Malawi signalled a change in the nature of the dominant gerontocratic power relations associated with Chewa political traditions, and gave the young an opportunity to escape from their tightly circumscribed sociopolitical space in what for thirty years had been a highly supervised society. It further argues that religion, in particular 'born-again' (often Pentecostal) Christianity, played a significant role in changing the meaning of the crucial root paradigm of gerontocracy in Malawian political culture. The chapter shows that the position adopted by religious youth groups in the 1990s was the outcome of a 'struggle for youth' that Malawian society had faced since colonial times and in which religion played a significant role. In so doing, it deconstructs the so-called 'conservative nature' of Christian fundamentalism-cum- Pentecostalism
Editor(s): Haynes,J.
Other Identifiers: oai:ascleiden.nl:090861094:6
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/9698
 

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