Dervishes, 'moryaan' and freedom fighters: cycles of rebellion and the fragmentation of Somali society, 1900-2000

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Dervishes, 'moryaan' and freedom fighters: cycles of rebellion and the fragmentation of Somali society, 1900-2000

Type: Part of book or chapter of book
Title: Dervishes, 'moryaan' and freedom fighters: cycles of rebellion and the fragmentation of Somali society, 1900-2000
Author: Abbink, G.J.
Journal Title: African dynamics
Start Page: 328
End Page: 365
Pages: 38
Publisher: Brill
Issue Date: 2003
Keywords: 1991
history
Somalia
rebellions
colonial history
violence
Abstract: There has been a state of near-permanent revolt in Somali society since 1991. This chapter offers a cultural analysis of patterns of political and military activity from the precolonial era through the Italian and British colonial period, and State independence (1960-1991), to the present period of Statelessness. The focus is on a comparison of elements in the campaigns of revolt against the colonial States between 1900 and 1920 with those in the late Siyad Barre period (1988-1991) and the era of Statelessness (1991 onwards). A transformation of ideas of revolt and violent action has occurred in which Somali notions of egalitarian social order, kinship and local leadership have taken on a different shape. This prevented the institutionalization of crosscutting alliances and the emergence of a wider political arena - except in certain regions such as Somaliland and Puntland. The cultural and social unity of Somali society has always been overestimated. Somali political culture is by nature centrifugal, preventing the institutionalization of a legitimate leadership at State level but not at a regional clan level. Notes, ref., sum. [Book abstract]
Editor(s): Abbink, G.J.
Walraven, K. van
Bruijn, M.E. de
Uri: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/9602
urn:isbn:9004126244
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/9602
 

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