Human-Lion conflict around Nairobi National Park: Lion (Panthera leo melanochaita, Hamilton Smith, 1842) Population Structure, Landscape Use and Diet, in a Semi-Fenced Park

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Human-Lion conflict around Nairobi National Park: Lion (Panthera leo melanochaita, Hamilton Smith, 1842) Population Structure, Landscape Use and Diet, in a Semi-Fenced Park

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Human-Lion conflict around Nairobi National Park: Lion (Panthera leo melanochaita, Hamilton Smith, 1842) Population Structure, Landscape Use and Diet, in a Semi-Fenced Park
Author: Lesilau, F.L.
Issue Date: 2019-12-04
Keywords: Pathera leo melanochaita
Nairobi National Park
Human-Lion Conflicts
Retaliatory Killings
Scats
Abstract: Large carnivore population is globally declining as a result of the fragmentation of habitat, large prey depletion and retaliatory killing by pastoralists. Despite Kenya declaring approximately 8 percent of the land as wildlife protected areas, there are less than 2000 lions left in the wild. This trend is worrying and Kenya Wildlife Service developed conserve and manage large carnivores’ strategy. This justify the reason for Nairobi Lion Research Project. Understanding the factors influencing human–lion conflicts would reduce retaliatory killing of lions and improve conservation of lions. Therefore, the aim of this study is to ensure conservation of lions in NNP and in the surrounding areas, specifically in relation to human–lion conflicts. It focuses on population size and pride structure, home ranges and movements, prey choice and diets and examine socio-economic aspects of lion–livestock conflicts and application of LED flashlights. I found that Nairobi National Park has high lion’s density per100 km2, small home range and avoid the urban fringe of Nairobi City. They supplement diet with very small prey (
Promotor: Supervisor: Snoo G.R. de, Persoon G.A. Co-Supervisor: Iongh H.H. de
Faculty: Faculty of Science
University: Leiden University
Uri: urn:isbn:9789051911923
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/81380
 

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