Spinoza’s theory of religion : the importance of religion in Spinoza’s thought and its implications for state and society

Leiden Repository

Spinoza’s theory of religion : the importance of religion in Spinoza’s thought and its implications for state and society

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Spinoza’s theory of religion : the importance of religion in Spinoza’s thought and its implications for state and society
Author: Stein, Y.
Issue Date: 2019-10-23
Keywords: Spinoza
Religion
Bible
Juffermans
Strauss
Israel
Nadler
Preus
Fraenkel
Krop
Abstract: This study builds on the work of Juffermans who has shown that religion takes on three ‘different meanings’ in Spinoza’s works, namely 1.superstition; 2. faith; and 3. philosophical religion. In this way Spinoza has provided us with a nuanced normative theory that can help us to evaluate religions. Different from the Straussian view which considers this theory to be rife with contradictions, this study researches how the three perspectives on religion could exist side by side.Spinoza’s theory of religion, so it is argued, following Fraenkel, belongs to a tradition of philosophical religions. In this tradition the Divine is understood as the perfect exemplar of reasonableness, and historical religions are understood as pedagogical-didactical tools to lead the common people to a life of reason.Spinoza was not only a critic of religion and the Bible, he also endorsed them for individuals as well as for societies. Spinoza’s religious ideas were understood by Spinoza’s circle of friends as an example of ‘reasonable Christianity’. Spinoza was not in favor of the separation of Church and State. He was a proponent of a state-guided ‘public church’, guarding over the faith of the general population and fighting the superstitious beliefs that can divide society.
Promotor: Supervisor: Cliteur P.B., Kinneging A.A.M.
Faculty: Faculty of Law
University: Leiden University
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/79825
 

Files in this item

Description Size View
application/pdf Full Text 1.955Mb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Cover 178.9Kb View/Open
application/pdf Title Pages_Contents_Acknowledgements_Foreword 234.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Introduction 210.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Part I 189.0Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 1 348.4Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 2 531.7Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 3 359.7Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 4 315.8Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 5 373.2Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Part II 184.1Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 6 311.1Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 7 297.1Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Part III 200.0Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 8 226.1Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Chapter 9 402.6Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Conclusion 215.5Kb Under embargo until 2021-04-23
application/pdf Summary in English 187.9Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 187.7Kb View/Open
application/pdf Abbreviations_Bibliography_Curriculum Vitae 357.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Propositions 163.9Kb View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)