The multi-level interplay in asylum politics. The case of the Christian asylum seekers from Turkey in West Germany in the early 1980s

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The multi-level interplay in asylum politics. The case of the Christian asylum seekers from Turkey in West Germany in the early 1980s

Type: Master thesis
Title: The multi-level interplay in asylum politics. The case of the Christian asylum seekers from Turkey in West Germany in the early 1980s
Author: Schulz, Maren
Issue Date: 2019-08-30
Keywords: Asylum politics
Migration
Governance
Germany
Turkey
Federal Ministry of the Interior
Gap Hypothesis
Abstract: In the early 1980s, the number of asylum seekers doubled in West Germany and the issue got increasingly politicised. Most of the asylum seekers originated from Turkey where political unrest and socio-ethnic conflicts were widespread. In this setting, Turkish asylum seekers belonging to Christian minorities became a source of controversy within the German Federal Ministry of the Interior. This thesis looks into the dynamics of asylum politics through analysing primary sources from the Federal Ministry of the Interior that depict the most important intergovernmental, federal and societal governance actors who either argued in favour of or against the admission of this specific group of asylum seekers. Their interplay is examined with the help of four main concepts under the umbrella of the gap hypothesis, which explain why the Christian asylum seekers were granted a right to stay in the long run although their asylum applications were first rejected: The liberal paradox of democratic states and the difficulty of interpreting the right of asylum gave room for multiple actors negotiating the case. Eventually, the positively constructed social class of the asylum seekers enabled the political realm to reach consensus to smartly settle the liberal paradox with a generously applied hardship regulation.
Supervisor: Schrover, Marlou
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Department: History (Master)
Specialisation: Governance of Migration and Diversity
ECTS Credits: 20
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/76250
 

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