Virtual Neanderthals : a study in agent-based modelling Late Pleistocene hominins in western Europe

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Virtual Neanderthals : a study in agent-based modelling Late Pleistocene hominins in western Europe

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Virtual Neanderthals : a study in agent-based modelling Late Pleistocene hominins in western Europe
Author: Scherjon, F.
Publisher: Global Academic Press
Issue Date: 2019-05-28
Keywords: Agent Based Model
Simulation
Palaeolithic Archaeology
Genetic Algorithm
Artificial Intelligence
Neanderthal
Hominin
Abstract: This study presents an agent-based simulation model exploring the patterns of presence and absence of Late Pleistocene Neanderthals in western Europe. HomininSpace implements a parameterized generic demographic and social model of hominin dispersal while avoiding parameter value biases and explicitly modelled handicaps. Models are simulated through time within a high-resolution environment where reconstructed temperatures and precipitation levels influence the carrying capacity of the landscape. Model parameter values are assigned and varied automatically while optimizing the match with Neanderthal archaeology using a Genetic Algorithm (GA) inspired by the processes of natural selection. The system is able to traverse the huge parameter space that is created by the complete set of all possible parameter value combinations to find those values that will result in a simulation that matches well with archaeological data in the form of radiometrically obtained presence data.
Promotor: Supervisor: Roebroeks J.W.M. Co-Supervisor: MacDonald K.
Faculty: Faculty of Archaeology
University: Leiden University
Uri: urn:isbn:9789463803441
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/73639
 

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application/pdf References_Appendices 2.898Mb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in English 117.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 140.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Acknowledgements_Curriculum Vitae 327.4Kb View/Open
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