A Reward-Based Framework of Perceived Control

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A Reward-Based Framework of Perceived Control

Type: Article / Letter to editor
Title: A Reward-Based Framework of Perceived Control
Author: Ly, V.Wang, K.S.Bhanji, J.Delgado, M.R.
Journal Title: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Volume: 13
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Perceived control can be broadly defined as the belief in one’s ability to exert control over situations or events. It has long been known that perceived control is a major contributor toward mental and physical health as well as a strong predictor of achievements in life. However, one issue that limits a mechanistic understanding of perceived control is the heterogeneity of how the term is defined in models in psychology and neuroscience, and used in experimental settings across a wide spectrum of studies. Here, we propose a framework for studying perceived control by integrating the ideas from traditionally separate work on perceived control. Specifically, we discuss key properties of perceived control from a reward-based framework, including choice opportunity, instrumental contingency, and success/reward rate. We argue that these separate reward-related processes are integral to fostering an enhanced perception of control and influencing an individual’s behavior and well-being. We draw on select studies to elucidate how these reward-related elements are implicated separately and collectively in the investigation of perceived control. We highlight the role of dopamine within corticostriatal pathways shared by reward-related processes and perceived control. Finally, through the lens of this reward-based framework of perceived control, we consider the implications of perceived control in clinical
Uri: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnins.2019.00065/full
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/71915

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