Daders van arbeidsuitbuiting. Over de vermeende rol van de georganiseerde misdaad

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Daders van arbeidsuitbuiting. Over de vermeende rol van de georganiseerde misdaad

Type: Article / Letter to editor
Title: Daders van arbeidsuitbuiting. Over de vermeende rol van de georganiseerde misdaad
Author: Meeteren, M.J. vanLeun, J.P. van der
Journal Title: Proces, Tijdschrift voor strafrechtspleging
Issue: 2
Volume: 97
Start Page: 130
End Page: 146
Pages: 17
Issue Date: 2018
Keywords: human trafficking, Mensenhandel, georganiseerde criminaliteit, organized crime, arbeidsuitbuiting
Abstract: Human traffickers are usually depicted in public discourse as evil villains: the crème de la crèmeof organized crime. Although this image has also been dominant among scholars for a long time, it has become increasingly controversial. On the one hand, this debate is fueled by discussions amongst criminologists on criminal networks, on the other hand by the expansion of the legal definition of the crime since 2005. Apart from exploitation in the prostitution sector, various other forms of human trafficking are distinguished now, including labor exploitation. This article explores the question of which organizational forms play a role in labor exploitation. Through a review of the empirical research literature on labor exploitation, the authors show that in the field of labor exploitation, there is probably less involvement in criminal syndicates or criminal networks that maintain contacts with other criminal networks. In many cases, labor exploitation is committed by individuals or family businesses, or smaller loosely organized networks that are not necessarily embedded in other criminal networks. For researchers and policy makers alike, it is therefore advisable not to approach labor exploitation exclusively from the perspective of transnational organized crime.
Sponsor: NWO
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/70774
 

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