Contribution of Buffer Zone Programs to Reduce Human-Wildlife Impacts: the Case of the Chitwan National Park, Nepal

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Contribution of Buffer Zone Programs to Reduce Human-Wildlife Impacts: the Case of the Chitwan National Park, Nepal

Type: Article / Letter to editor
Title: Contribution of Buffer Zone Programs to Reduce Human-Wildlife Impacts: the Case of the Chitwan National Park, Nepal
Author: Lamichhane, B.R.Persoon, G.A.Leirs, H.Poudel, S.Subedi, N.Pokheral, C.P.Bhattarai, S.Gotame, P.Mishra, R.Iongh, H.H. de
Journal Title: Human Ecology
Issue: 1
Volume: 47
Start Page: 95
End Page: 110
Pages: 16
Publisher: Springer
Issue Date: 2019
Abstract: Buffer zones around parks/reserves are designed to maintain ecological integrity and to ensure community participation in biodiversity conservation. We studied the fund utilization pattern of buffer zone programs, mitigation measures practiced, and attitudes of residents in buffer zone programs of Chitwan National Park, Nepal. The buffer zone committees spent only a small portion (13.7%) of their budget in direct interventions to reduce wildlife impacts. Human-wildlife conflicts were inversely related to investment in direct interventions for conflict prevention and mitigation. Peoples’ attitudes towards wildlife conservation were largely positive. Most of the people were aware of buffer zone programs but were not satisfied with current practices. We recommend that buffer zone funds be concentrated into direct interventions (prevention and mitigation) to reduce wildlife conflicts. Our findings will be helpful in prioritizing distribution of funds in buffer zones of parks and reserves.
Uri: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10745-019-0054-y
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/70628
 

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