Longitudinal evidence for 4-year-olds' but not 2-and 3-year-olds' false belief-related action anticipation

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Longitudinal evidence for 4-year-olds' but not 2-and 3-year-olds' false belief-related action anticipation

Type: Article / Letter to editor
Title: Longitudinal evidence for 4-year-olds' but not 2-and 3-year-olds' false belief-related action anticipation
Author: Grosse, Wiesmann C.Friederici, A.D.Disla, D.Steinbeis, N.Singer, T.
Journal Title: Cognitive Development
Volume: 46
Start Page: 58
End Page: 68
Pages: 11
Issue Date: 2018
Keywords: Theory of mind
False belief
Anticipatory looking
Longitudinal study
Replication study
Preschool age
Abstract: Recently, infants younger than 2 years have been shown to display correct expectations of the actions of an agent with a false belief. The developmental trajectory of these early-developing abilities and their robustness, however, remain a matter of debate. Here, we tested children longitudinally from 2 to 4 years of age with an established anticipatory looking false belief task, and found a significant developmental change between the ages of 3 and 4 years. Children anticipated correctly only by the age of 4 years, and performed at chance at the ages of 2 and 3 years. Moreover, we found correct anticipation only when the agent falsely believed an object to be in its last rather than a previous location. These findings point towards the fragility of early belief-related action anticipation before the age of 4 years, when children start passing traditional false belief tasks.
Uri: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S088520141730045X?via=ihub
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/70389
 

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