The French-Anglophone divide in lithic research: A plea for pluralism in Palaeolithic Archaeology

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The French-Anglophone divide in lithic research: A plea for pluralism in Palaeolithic Archaeology

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: The French-Anglophone divide in lithic research: A plea for pluralism in Palaeolithic Archaeology
Author: Hussain, S.T.
Issue Date: 2019-03-14
Keywords: Epistemology History and Philosophy of Science
Palaeolithic archaeology
Lithic technology
Stone artefact analysis
Stephen C. Pepper
World Hypotheses
Scientific Pluralism
Incommensurability
Styles of Thought
Abstract: In this provocative study, Shumon T. Hussain engages with the long-standing issue of French-Anglophone research conflicts in Palaeolithic archaeology. By examining a range of well-selected case studies and discursive contexts, the author shows that French and Anglophone approaches in lithic analysis are anchored in opposing cognitive frameworks. He argues that the mainstays of this division can be elucidated by calling upon the marginalised work of American philosopher Stephen C. Pepper, who captured the totality of credible Western thought in terms of four equitable world hypotheses. Based upon his insights, the dissertation demonstrates that French lithic research gravitates towards ‘contextualistic’ and ‘organicistic’ modes of inquiry, while Anglophone approaches tend to rely on ‘formistic’ and ‘mechanistic’ styles of reasoning. Hussain carefully lays out the implications of this condition for mutual understanding and critical practice. He contends that the French-Anglophone divide can only be overcome if scholars endorse scientific pluralism and begin to seriously take into consideration both the strengths and shortcomings of different cognitive frameworks, including their own.
Promotor: Supervisor: Corbey R.H.A., Soressi M. Co-Supervisor: Vaessen K.
Faculty: Faculty of Archaeology
University: Leiden University
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/69812
 

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application/pdf Title pages_Contents 782.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Introduction 287.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 1 703.2Kb Under embargo until 2020-09-14
application/pdf Chapter 2 935.7Kb Under embargo until 2020-09-14
application/pdf Chapter 3 759.2Kb Under embargo until 2020-09-14
application/pdf Chapter 4 946.3Kb Under embargo until 2020-09-14
application/pdf Chapter 5 1.160Mb Under embargo until 2020-09-14
application/pdf Chapter 6 735.7Kb Under embargo until 2020-09-14
application/pdf Afterword_FAQ 409.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Bibliography 834.9Kb View/Open
application/pdf Appendices 13.97Mb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in English 178.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 175.8Kb View/Open
application/pdf Acknowledgements_Curriculum Vitae 222.4Kb View/Open
application/pdf Propositions 135.2Kb View/Open

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