||As a response to America's mainstream trend towards conformism in the 1950s and 60s, several subcultures arose, among the first of which was the Beat movement. While this movement consisted mostly of men, there were also female Beatniks. Because these female Beatniks faced marginalization and alienation from within the Beat movement, as well as in traditional society, I will argue that they became more socially aware and driven to rebellion against conformity than their male counterparts, which makes these women the true embodiments of the ideals and actions of the Beat generation. Since the scope of this thesis does will not allow for extensive research on a range of Beat women, this thesis will explore the lives and works of two important female Beatniks; Diane di Prima (1934) and Hettie Jones (1934). By examining Di Prima’s and Jones’ literary output, the rebellion and marginalization found in their literary works can be put into historical context based on the examination of (auto)biographical texts.