Environmental and health impacts of informal electronic waste recycling

Leiden Repository

Environmental and health impacts of informal electronic waste recycling

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Environmental and health impacts of informal electronic waste recycling
Author: Ohajinwa, C.M.
Issue Date: 2018-10-23
Keywords: Informal electronic waste recycling
Nigeria
Health and environmental impacts
Abstract: The majority (80%) of e-waste generated globally are recycled informally in developing countries. Informal recycling involves the use of crude methods (such as open burning, dismantling, and repair) to recover valuable materials without adequate precaution to health and the environment, thus hazardous e-waste chemicals are released into the environment. However, informal e-waste recycling has offered employment opportunities, access to affordable electronic devices, and conversation of natural resources. Informal e-waste recycling is prevalent in developing countries due to lack of infrastructure for e-waste recycling and weak enforcement of the legislation. This research investigates the current impact of informal e-waste recycling in Nigeria as a case study. This may offer opportunities for appropriate e-waste recycling management strategies suited for low resource settings to reduce the environmental and health effects of unsafe e-waste recycling. This research revealed high levels of both organic and inorganic chemicals at the e-waste sites in this order: Burning > Dismantling > Repair > Control sites. There is low health risk awareness, high injury prevalence, and exposure to both cancer and non-cancer risks among e-waste workers. Recommendations were: 1.Public education on the dangers of informal e-waste recycling 2.Banning of open burning of e-waste 3.Further toxicological studies the workers.
Promotor: Supervisor: Peijnenburg W.J.G.M. Co-Supervisor: Bodegom P.M. den, Vijver M.G.
Faculty: Faculty of Science
University: Leiden University
Uri: urn:isbn:9789463324168
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/66320
 

Files in this item

Description Size View
application/pdf Full text 9.623Mb View/Open
application/pdf Cover 192.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Title pages_Contents 307.9Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 1 1.125Mb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 2 1.166Mb View/Open Full text at publisher site
application/pdf Chapter 3 1.048Mb View/Open Full text at publisher site
application/pdf Chapter 4 1.709Mb View/Open Full text at publisher site
application/pdf Chapter 5 1.269Mb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 6 2.736Mb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 7 687.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in English 326.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 237.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Acknowledgements_Curriculum Vitae 384.7Kb View/Open
application/pdf Propositions 112.5Kb View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)