The United Nations Humanitarian Response in Syria

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The United Nations Humanitarian Response in Syria

Type: Master thesis
Title: The United Nations Humanitarian Response in Syria
Author: Kool, Lisa Dorith
Issue Date: 2019-12
Keywords: United Nations
Syria
Humanitarian Response
Siege
Forced Displacement
War Economy
Abstract: Gaining access remainsone ofthe main impediments to the United Nations humanitarian response in Syria. Since 2011, the Syrian government has systematically blocked the United Nations from accessing populations in opposition-held areas. In theory, the Humanitarian Principles Neutrality and Independence provide the framework for gaining impartial access to conflict settings. Ironically, however, in practice the need to gain access has pushed the United Nations to compromise the Humanitarian Principles and comply to President Assad’s demands. While the United Nations’ compromises enable it to access at least government approved areas, these compromises have also facilitated Assad’s siege warfare tactic, population displacements and thereby re-shaped Syria’s socio-political landscape. Analysis of the Syrian conflict often focuses on President Assad’s role in perpetuating violence. Yet, the United Nations’ aid operation plays a similarly crucial role in shaping the dynamic and political outcome of the Syrian conflict. This paper therefore asks; To what extent has the United Nations adhered to the Humanitarian Principles Neutrality and Independence in its operations in the Syrian conflict between 2011 and 2017 and what are the implications?
Supervisor: Henderson, Christian
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Department: Middle Eastern Studies (Master)
Specialisation: Modern Middle Eastern Studies
ECTS Credits: 20
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/66029
 

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