Why in Cuzco Quechua

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Why in Cuzco Quechua

Type: Bachelor thesis
Title: Why in Cuzco Quechua
Author: Erkel, Ted van
Issue Date: 2018-08-30
Keywords: why
Cuzco Quechua
Abstract: There are four different constructions for expressing ‘why’ in Cuzco Quechua, namely imanaqtintaq, imapaqtaq, imaynapitaq and imaraykutaq. Analytic tools from the syntax-semantics interface are used to highlight the differences between these why-structures. Imanaqtintaq seems to behave like ‘how come’. Syntactic restrictions related to the fact that this combination of morphemes does not leave a trace are shown. Examples of these restrictions are the fact that imanaqtintaq does not have a pair-list reading and the fact that quantifiers cannot take scope over this wh-element. The underlying meaning of imapaqtaq comes from the benefactive marker -paq. Due to pragmatics imapaqtaq could also be interpreted as ‘why’. Imaynapitaq is strongly related to imaynataq ‘how’. The causal aspect that the method-reading of imaynataq shows in relation to the presupposition of the question can also be found in imaynapitaq. This results in the fact that imaynapitaq takes an event as a reason or cause for the proposition of the question. Imaraykutaq is the most transparent why-structure. This combination of morphemes is closest to the English ‘why’ and can be used to obtain any kind of reason or cause. Since imaraykutaq has the broadest meaning, it is barely used. The other forms might provide a more specific gap related to the proposition of the question. This results in a more sufficient way of updating the knowledge of the one asking the question.
Supervisor: Cheng, Lisa
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Department: Taalwetenschap (Bachelor)
Specialisation: Descriptive Linguistics
ECTS Credits: 10
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65875

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