Funding, collaboration and research performance: A comparative study of leading universities in China and the USA

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Funding, collaboration and research performance: A comparative study of leading universities in China and the USA

Type: Article in monograph or in proceedings
Title: Funding, collaboration and research performance: A comparative study of leading universities in China and the USA
Author: Zhou P.Cai X.
Journal Title: STI 2018 Conference Proceedings
Start Page: 1115
End Page: 1124
Publisher: Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS)
Issue Date: 2018-09-11
Keywords: Scientometrics
Abstract: The current paper studies funding and collaboration effect on citation impact of publications of top-3 Chinese and US universities. Funding support focuses on the two agencies supporting basic research of the two countries, namely, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC), and the National Science Foundation (NSF) of the USA. The NSFC is significantly more important to Chinese universities than the NSF to US counterparts due to absolute high share of the former in publications. Both the NSFC and NSF grants raise citation impact. International collaboration raises citation impact of Chinese publications but plays a negative role to US publications. Cross-institutional collaboration is helpful to increasing publication productivity but may decrease citation impact. Increasing the number of authors in collaboration may increase citation impact, but negative effect happens if the number of institutions is increased. There is no significant effect if the number of countries is increased.
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/65303
 

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