Gender homophily in citations

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Gender homophily in citations

Type: Article in monograph or in proceedings
Title: Gender homophily in citations
Author: Ghiasi G.Mongeon P.Sugimoto C.Larivière V.
Journal Title: STI 2018 Conference Proceedings
Start Page: 1519
End Page: 1525
Publisher: Centre for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS)
Issue Date: 2018-09-11
Keywords: Scientometrics
Abstract: Citations are one of the key indicators of scientific influence. However, citations are not entirely neutral and are affected by several social factors. This research provides a comprehensive gendered analysis of citation patterns, considering author contribution, research field, and subject similarity. For this purpose, citation data of 7,011,369 articles published in 2008-2016 and indexed in the Web of Science are analyzed. The findings indicate that gender-based homophily in citations exists in all disciplines and that self-citations impose a considerable contribution to the allure of gender-based homophily in citations. This study suggests that men’s higher propensity to cite the work of their male-peers could render women’s scientific contributions invisible and under-recognized. The results of this study could inform science policy to explore mechanisms to obviate proliferation of the use of citation-based metrics for evaluative purposes and the consequent indirect biases they introduce into the reward system of science.

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