Overdreven gezondheidsnieuws. Relatie tussen overdrijving in academische persberichten en in nieuwsmedia

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Overdreven gezondheidsnieuws. Relatie tussen overdrijving in academische persberichten en in nieuwsmedia

Type: Article / Letter to editor
Title: Overdreven gezondheidsnieuws. Relatie tussen overdrijving in academische persberichten en in nieuwsmedia
Author: Schat, J.Bossema, F.G.Numans, M.E.Smeets, I.Burger, P.
Journal Title: Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde
Volume: 162
Issue Date: 2018
Keywords: health news
exaggeration
science communication
press releases
Abstract: Objective: To determine how often press releases and news articles contain exaggeration and to locate its origin in the trajectory from research paper to news article. Design: Retrospective quantitative content analysis Method: Sample used consists of press releases on biomedical research, published by  15 Dutch universities and university medical centers in 2015 (N=129), and associated news articles (N=185) and peer reviewed research papers. Quantitative content analysis was performed using Rstudio. Results: 20% of press releases and 29% of news articles contain exaggeration of conclusion of causal claim. Explicit health advice was, when present, exaggerated in 7% of press releases and 10% of news articles. When the press releases contained an exaggeration of conclusion of causal claim, 92% of associated news articles was exaggerated as well (N=34). When the conclusion or causal claim in press releases was not exaggerated, 6% of associated news articles contained exaggeration (N=6). The relative chance of exaggeration in news is 16.1 when the associated press release is exaggerated. Additionally we found that exaggerated press releases have a higher number of associated news articles. The relative chance of news uptake for exaggerated press releases compared with non-exaggerated press releases is 1.45 (1,02-2,04). Conclusion: Exaggeration of health related news is strongly associated with exaggeration in the associated press release and occurs in more than 1 in 5 articles. Monitoring and, if necessary, improving the accuracy of academic press releases are likely to be important measures to improve the quality of health news.
Uri: https://www.ntvg.nl/artikelen/overdreven-gezondheidsnieuws/abstract
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/62311
 

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