Disease progression and quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease: the role of health behaviours and illness perceptions

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Disease progression and quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease: the role of health behaviours and illness perceptions

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Disease progression and quality of life in patients with chronic kidney disease: the role of health behaviours and illness perceptions
Author: Meuleman, Y.
Issue Date: 2018-01-18
Keywords: Renal disease
Pre-dialysis care
Patient-centred care
Self-management support
Self-regulation
Lifestyle adherence
Behaviour change
Risk factors
Dietary sodium intake
Perceived barriers
Abstract: This dissertation aimed to identify opportunities to slow down disease progression and improve health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Biopsychosocial, patient-centred and self-regulation perspectives were employed and enabled this dissertation to shed light on the importance of patients’ health behaviours and illness perceptions in the treatment of CKD. Taken together, this dissertation indicates that patients in early CKD stages are in need of behavioural support to cope with the broad range of barriers that they experience when reducing sodium intake. The results demonstrate that a multicomponent patient-centred self-regulation program would fit patients' needs, and can reduce risk factors for disease progression and improve psychosocial outcomes. Furthermore, this dissertation suggests that support strategies should be implemented to increase the impaired HRQOL that many patients experience during predialysis care. The results underline the need for personalized treatment approaches in light of the differences between patients in relation to their HRQOL and how their HRQOL evolves over time (e.g., differences with regard to age and cardiovascular disease). Moreover, illness perceptions were found to be key factors in HRQOL and disease progression, and therefore, treatment strategies in predialysis care should take into account patients’ illness perceptions as well.
Promotor: Supervisor: Maes C.M.J.G., Dekker F.W. Co-Supervisor: Dijk S. van
Faculty: Social and Behavioural Sciences
University: Leiden
Uri: urn:isbn:9789402808339
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/61136
 

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