H2O emission in high-z ultra-luminous infrared galaxies

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H2O emission in high-z ultra-luminous infrared galaxies

Type: Article / Letter to editor
Title: H2O emission in high-z ultra-luminous infrared galaxies
Author: Omont, A.Yang, C.Cox, P.Neri, R.Beelen, A.Bussmann, R.Gavazzi, R.Werf, P.P. van derRiechers, D.Downes, D.Krips, M.Dye, S.Ivison, R.Vieira, J.Weiß, A.Aguirre, J.Baes, M.Baker, A.Bertoldi, F.Cooray, A.Dannerbauer, H.De, Zotti G.Eales, S.Fu, H.Gao, Y.Guélin, M.Harris, A.Jarvis, M.Lehnert, M.Leeuw, L.Lupu, R.Menten, K.Michalowski, M.Negrello, M.Serjeant, S.Temi, P.Auld, R.Dariush, A.Dunne, L.Fritz, J.Hopwood, R.Hoyos, C.Ibar, E.Maddox, S.Smith, M.Valiante, E.Bock, J.Bradford, C.Glenn, J.Scott, K.
Journal Title: Astronomy & Astrophysics
Volume: 551
Issue Date: 2013
Abstract: Using the IRAM Plateau de Bure interferometer (PdBI), we report the detection of water vapor in six new lensed ultra-luminous starburst galaxies at high redshift, discovered in the Herschel Astrophysical Terahertz Large Area Survey (H-ATLAS). The sources are detected either in the 2$_{02}$-1$_{11}$ or 2$_{11}$-2$_{02}$ H$_{2}$O emission lines with integrated line fluxes ranging from 1.8 to 14 Jy km s$^{-1}$. The corresponding apparent luminosities are {$μ$}L$_{H2}$O ~{} 3-12 { imes} 10$^{8}$ L$_{⊙}$, where {$μ$} is the lensing magnification factor (3 {lt} {$μ$} {lt} 12). These results confirm that H$_{2}$O lines are among the strongest molecular lines in high-z ultra-luminous starburst galaxies, with intensities almost comparable to those of the high-J CO lines, and similar profiles and line widths (~{}200-900 km s$^{-1}$). With the current sensitivity of the PdBI, the water lines can therefore easily be detected in high-z lensed galaxies (with F(500 {$μ$}m) {gt} 100 mJy) discovered in the Herschel surveys. Correcting the luminosities for amplification, using existing lensing models, L$_{H2}$O is found to have a strong dependence on the infrared luminosity, varying as ~{}L$_{IR}$$^{1.2}$. This relation, which needs to be confirmed with better statistics, may indicate a role of radiative (infrared) excitation of the H$_{2}$O lines, and implies that high-z galaxies with L$_{IR}$ {gsim} 10$^{13}$ L$_{⊙}$ tend to be very strong emitters in water vapor, that have no equivalent in the local universe. Herschel (Pilbratt et al. 2010) is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led Principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.
Uri: http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013A&A...551A.115O
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/59004

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