The role of modern international commissions of inquiry: a first step to ensure accountability for international law violations?

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The role of modern international commissions of inquiry: a first step to ensure accountability for international law violations?

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: The role of modern international commissions of inquiry: a first step to ensure accountability for international law violations?
Author: Tonutti, A.
Journal Title: Meijers-reeks
Issue Date: 2017-09-05
Keywords: Commissions
Inquiry
Fact-finding
Accountability
Response
International-justice
Crimes
Abstract: In the latest twenty years we have witnessed an exponential proliferation of international commissions of inquiry mandated to investigate serious violations of international law. However, the inquiry tool has been originally institutionalised at the beginning of the 20th century as mean of preventive diplomacy aimed at stating the facts for dispute settlement purposes. Since then inquiries have significantly evolved into mechanisms that denounce and shed light on serious violations of international law in order to provoke a response by the international community. What are the underlying causes of this new role and of the recent surge of inquiry commissions? Should commissions of inquiry be viewed as merely fact-finders or as law-applicable/adjudication bodies? Should their tasks be confined to finding the facts or may they perform more dynamic and political roles such as raising alert and provoking reactions? What (arguably) should be the role of commissions of inquiry in the criminal accountability process? These and other questions are the core of this academic contribution which, through a comprehensive analysis of the work and practice of commissions of inquiry, aims to shed more light on a topic that has increasingly become the focus of intense debate among academics, practitioners and international decision-makers.
Promotor: Supervisor: Schabas W.A., Sommario E.G.
Faculty: Law
University: Leiden
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/54852
 

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