Hunting Scenes in the Safaitic Rock Art of the Jebel Qurma Region

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Hunting Scenes in the Safaitic Rock Art of the Jebel Qurma Region

Type: Master thesis
Title: Hunting Scenes in the Safaitic Rock Art of the Jebel Qurma Region
Author: Bravo Gómez, Rafael
Issue Date: 2017-08-31
Keywords: Rock art, hunting scenes, carvings, Safaitic inscriptions, Jebel Qurma region, Black Desert
Abstract: Safaitic rock art of the Jebel Qurma region, located in the Jordan’s Black Desert, was carved by the pastoralist societies that inhabited it. These societies also carved Safaitic inscriptions in the basalt boulders, which have been traditionally dated between the 1st century BC and the 4th Century AD. This rock art, unlike the Safaitic inscriptions, has not been studied in depth. In this Master thesis I aim to study the different purposes of carving hunting scenes by these pastoralist societies. Thus, I analyse the different motifs (zoomorphic, anthropomorphic, geometric and astromorphic motifs) that made up these scenes. I also analyse two different types of hunting: individual hunting and collective hunting. The techniques that were used to carve these petroglyphs are also analysed. I will also pay attention the size of the figures and their orientation within the basalt boulders. Finally, I will mention the sites in which hunting scenes have been recorded in the Jebel Qurma region. With this information, I will argue that these hunting scenes did not represent real events but ancestral histories that might have come from the oral tradition of the pastoralist societies. I also argue that some of these scenes show hunting for sport in which the anthropomorphic figures represent values related to bravery and strength.
Supervisor: Düring, Bleda
Faculty: Faculty of Archaeology
Department: Archaeology (Master)
Specialisation: Archaeology of Near East
ECTS Credits: 20

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