The 25th of January Revolution and its effect on Egyptian Foreign Policy

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The 25th of January Revolution and its effect on Egyptian Foreign Policy

Type: Bachelor thesis
Title: The 25th of January Revolution and its effect on Egyptian Foreign Policy
Author: Shafik, Sarah
Issue Date: 2017-09-01
Keywords: Egypt
Foreign Policy
Muslim Brotherhood
International Relations
Egyptian Revolution
IR Theories
Abstract: The Egyptian Revolution of January 25th 2011 was a turning point for Egyptian domestic politics but also for its foreign policy in defining its role both within the region and in the international arena. After an anchored 30-year-old regime, Egypt witnessed rapid transitions between the rule of the Supreme Council of Armed Forces (SCAF), an interim president and two elected presidents within a period of only 6 years. Thus, the Arab spring and the rapid regime transitions have significantly played a role in shaping Egypt’s foreign policy and respectively, Egypt’s role.Today’s Egyptian president, Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi, is bringing the historical and traditional sense back to Egypt’s foreign policy. History, geography, size have previously shaped Egypt to be a leading power of the region. However, as it faces internal upheaval, Egypt seems to be culturally, politically and economically dormant from its dominant role. The Egyptian foreign policy may be currently under revision but it has an opportunity to re-define the role of Egypt in the region. This paper will first outline the historical roots and developments of the Egyptian foreign policy constructed under Nasser and Sadat, and progressed under Mubarak. Although both leaders pursued regional power, they led different ideologies which will be elaborated by opposing theories: raison de nation and constructivism led by Morsi on the one hand and raison d’état and realism on the one hand led by Sisi.
Supervisor: Roel, Meijer
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Department: International Studies (Bachelor)
Specialisation: Middle East Foreign Policy
ECTS Credits: 15

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