African RECs as regional peacekeepers – a case study of SADC

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African RECs as regional peacekeepers – a case study of SADC

Type: Bachelor thesis
Title: African RECs as regional peacekeepers – a case study of SADC
Author: Berg, Jeroen van den
Issue Date: 2017-09-01
Keywords: Peacekeeping
Regional Economic Communities
United Nations
Abstract: For the last decade, a new trend has emerged in both the academic as well as political debate which identifies a decline of American domination and a rise of “the rest”. In other words, a movement towards multipolarity. A particular topic of dispute among both scholars and politicians is the degree to which this multipolar world order is either regionalising or globalising the world. One of the domains that has been impacted by the study of regionalisation is the domain of security. A particular topic of debate amongst politicians and scholars concerns peace operations and the role of the United Nations (UN) and regional organisations. Within the African context, the question arises if the Regional Economic Communities (RECs) should take on the role of regional peacekeepers. This paper sets out to analyse the regionalisation of peace operations in Africa and question the viability of regional organisations as an alternative to the UN as main actor in peace operations. To this end, it will measure the ability of RECs to organise and execute peace operations. It will become clear that the regionalisation of security is a logical consequence of the regional and cross-border characteristic of African conflicts and that regional organisations bring some merits to the table in terms of local legitimacy and willingness. Nevertheless, the case of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) will show that a long way still lies ahead and that the organisation currently only manages to bridge some of the same shortcomings as the UN encounters, without offering much advantages.
Supervisor: Goede, M.J. de
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Department: International Studies (Bachelor)
Specialisation: BA International Studies
ECTS Credits: 15

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