Helminth infections, allergic disorders and immune responses: studies in Indonesia

Leiden Repository

Helminth infections, allergic disorders and immune responses: studies in Indonesia

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Helminth infections, allergic disorders and immune responses: studies in Indonesia
Author: Wahyuni, S.
Issue Date: 2006-11-22
Keywords: Allergy
Clustering
Filaria
Helminth
IgE
IgG4
ISAAC
Socioeconomic
SPT
TLR
Abstract: The studies present in this thesis fall into two broad areas: the first focusing on filarial infection, Ig (immunoglobulin)E levels and risk factors for infection, while the second deals with the possible associations between nematode infection and allergy. Compared to ELISA, RAST is superior in detecting filarial specific IgE in endemic area of Brugia malayi. Levels of filaria-specific IgE and IgG4 in children up to 10 years correlated with maternal antibody levels. Genetic factors had a more pronounced effect in children than in adults. The use of objective measurements, such as skin prick test (SPT) and IgE levels are required when conducting epidemiological studies of allergic diseases in Indonesia. Study on risk factors of allergy in Indonesia showed that nutritional status of children in the high socioeconomic school negatively associate with SPT and IgE positivity but we did not show a statistically significant role for helminths in inhibiting SPT responses. In endemic area of lymphatic filariasis, genetic factors contribute significantly to both total and allergen-specific IgE, whereas environmental factors influence the clustering of SPT positivity. By using several TLR ligands it was demonstrated that the dynamics of cytokine production following the innate immune stimulation can differ according to helminth infection status.
Promotor: Supervisor: A.M. Deelder|D.M. Yazdanbakhsh Co-Supervisor: J.J. Houwing-Duistermaat
Faculty: Faculty of Medicine, Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC)
University: Leiden University
Uri: urn:isbn:9791527801
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/4986
 

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application/pdf References 22.70Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary 32.25Kb View/Open
application/pdf Acknowledgements 47.03Kb View/Open
application/pdf Curriculum Vitae 303.6Kb View/Open

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