Knots in plasma

Leiden Repository

Knots in plasma

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Knots in plasma
Author: Smiet, C.B.
Journal Title: Casimir PhD Series
Issue Date: 2017-06-20
Keywords: Helicity
Magnetohydrodynamics
Magnetic reconnection
Self-organization
Magnetic topology
Abstract: A plasma is an ionized gas with very low electrical resistivity. As such, magnetic field lines are 'frozen in' and move with the fluid. Magnetic field lines that are linked, knotted and tangled, cannot be undone by the fluid motions. In this thesis we investigate how this linking and knottedness influences the plasma dynamics through numerical simulations. One of the main results is the identification of a novel, self-organizing equilibrium, where every field line is linked with every other one. In such a structure all the field lines lie on toroidal magnetic surfaces, and the entire structure resembles the famous topological structure of the Hopf fibration. This magnetic equilibrium is localized, and kept in balance by a finite external pressure. Through resistive effects the structure slowly expands while the magnetic energy is dissipated. This research, and the novel structures identified have implications for nuclear fusion research and the study of astrophysical plasma phenomena.
Promotor: Supervisor: D. Bouwmeester
Faculty: Science
University: Leiden
Uri: urn:isbn:9789085932994
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/49720
 

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