The Bey, the mufti and the scattered pearls : Shari'a and political leadership in Tunisia's Age of Reform -1800-1864

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The Bey, the mufti and the scattered pearls : Shari'a and political leadership in Tunisia's Age of Reform -1800-1864

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: The Bey, the mufti and the scattered pearls : Shari'a and political leadership in Tunisia's Age of Reform -1800-1864
Author: Haven, Elisabeth Cornelia van der
Publisher: Faculty of Theology, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2006-10-26
Keywords: Siyasa
Siyasa shariyya
Fatwa
Mazalim
Tunisia
Abolition in Islam
Khayr al-Din
Bayram
Ibn Abi al-Dyaf
Abstract: The dissertation analyzes the changing relations between political leadership, sharia and ulama in Tunisia in the nineteenth century. The ideal of an egalitarian society that, as once in Medina under the Prophet, lived solely by God’s law, has remained an important norm in Muslim society ever since. Meanwhile, in the following centuries, Islam proved to be able to live in harmony with almost absolute political leadership that promulgated its own discrete laws, sometimes even deviating from sharia legislation. This discrepancy between the ideal of an all encompassing sharia and the reality of day to day government had, however, to be bridged. The ruler required the approbation of the ulama, whose fatwas gave his actions a theological basis, establishing a synthesis between doctrine and praxis: they served as mechanisms of legitimization. My study highlights three theological discussions accommodating political leadership in nineteenth-century’ Tunisia. I demonstrate that, contrary to characteristics attributed to Islamic law today, the Tunisian muftis did not view the sharia as a rigid and unchangeable entity, but as a law open to new interpretations to serve their Bey. Under the influence of European pressure these mechanisms of legitimization underwent far-reaching changes in the sixties of the nineteenth century.
Description: Promotores: P.S. van Koningsveld, N.H. Abu Zayd, Co-Promotor: A.H. de Groot
With Summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculty of Theology
Citation: Haven,E.C. van der, 2006, Doctoral Thesis, Leiden University
Sponsor: The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research, Stichting Oosters Instituut of Leiden University; Stichting Hendrik Muller's Vaderlandsch Fonds; Slavenkas Zierikzee
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/4968
 

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application/pdf Title Page 83.13Kb View/Open
application/pdf Contents 106.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Preface_Acknowledgements 60.09Kb View/Open
application/pdf Introduction 152.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 1 355.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 2 376.2Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 3 434.8Kb View/Open
application/pdf Epilogue 62.05Kb View/Open
application/pdf Appendix A 423.3Kb View/Open
application/pdf Appendix B 113.4Kb View/Open
application/pdf Appendix C 117.9Kb View/Open
application/pdf Glossary 65.84Kb View/Open
application/pdf Literature 123.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Index 116.3Kb View/Open
application/pdf Index of Subjects 66.51Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 120.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Curriculum Vitae 27.32Kb View/Open
application/pdf Propositions 73.30Kb View/Open

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