Iraq's Path to Religious Success: The Case of Muqtada al-Sadr and Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani

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Iraq's Path to Religious Success: The Case of Muqtada al-Sadr and Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani

Type: Bachelor thesis
Title: Iraq's Path to Religious Success: The Case of Muqtada al-Sadr and Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani
Author: Char, Jasmin
Issue Date: 2017-07-31
Keywords: Iraq
Civil war
Shia
Clerics
Legitimacy
Basic needs
Security
Religious networks
Legal networks
Muqtada al-Sadr
Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani
Abstract: Shia clerics and movements in Iraq tend to use four main instruments in acquiring legitimacy from the Shia population. These are the provision of security, the provision of basic needs, the establishment of religious networks, and the establishment of legal networks. By focusing on the two dominant current Shia Iraqi leaders Muqtada al-Sadr and Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani from 2003 to 2008, it becomes clear how they have been using those instruments successfully. The main reason for their success can be ascribed by their ability to replace the tasks of the Iraqi state. The Iraqi state failed to provide its citizens the needs they hardly needed, mainly regarding to the basic security and social needs.
Supervisor: Boender, Welmoet
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Department: International Studies (Bachelor)
Specialisation: International Studies: Middle East
ECTS Credits: 15
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/49621
 

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