Abnormalities of white matter integrity in the corpus callosum of adolescents with PTSD after childhood sexual abuse: a DTI study

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Abnormalities of white matter integrity in the corpus callosum of adolescents with PTSD after childhood sexual abuse: a DTI study

Type: Article / Letter to editor
Title: Abnormalities of white matter integrity in the corpus callosum of adolescents with PTSD after childhood sexual abuse: a DTI study
Author: Rinne-Albers, M.A.Van, der Werff S.J.Van, Hoof M.J.Van, Lang N.D.Lamers-Winkelman, F.Rombouts, S.A.Vermeiren, R.R.Van, der Wee N.J.
Journal Title: European child & adolescent psychiatry
Issue: 8
Volume: 25
Start Page: 869
End Page: 878
Pages: 10
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: This study seeks to determine whether white matter integrity in the brain differs between adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) due to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and matched healthy adolescents and whether there is a relationship between white matter integrity and symptom severity in the patient group. Using 3T diffusion tensor imaging, we examined fractional anisotropy (FA) in a group of adolescents with CSA-related PTSD (n = 20) and matched healthy controls (n = 20), in a region of interest consisting of the bilateral uncinate fasciculus (UF), the genu, splenium and body of the corpus callosum (CC), and the bilateral cingulum. In addition, we performed an exploratory whole brain analysis. Trauma symptomatology was measured with the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC) to enable correlational analyses between FA differences and trauma symptomatology. The PTSD group had significantly lower FA values in the genu, midbody and splenium of the CC in comparison with controls (p < 0.05, tfce corrected). Post hoc analyses of the eigenvalues of the DTI scan showed increased radial and mean diffusivity in the patient group. In addition, we found a significant negative correlation between scores on the anger subscale of the TSCC and FA values in the left body of the CC in patients (p < 0.05). Adolescents with CSA-related PTSD show decreased FA in the CC, with abnormalities in the integrity of the left body of the CC being related to anger symptoms. These findings suggest that early trauma exposure affects the development of the CC, which may play a role in the pathophysiology of PTSD in adolescents.
Uri: http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00787-015-0805-2
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/46818
 

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