"1965" in Indonesia today. The politics of memory in post-Suharto Indonesia and the perceptions of the 1965-66 past among high school students in Yogyakarta in 2016

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"1965" in Indonesia today. The politics of memory in post-Suharto Indonesia and the perceptions of the 1965-66 past among high school students in Yogyakarta in 2016

Type: Research master thesis
Title: "1965" in Indonesia today. The politics of memory in post-Suharto Indonesia and the perceptions of the 1965-66 past among high school students in Yogyakarta in 2016
Author: Hendrikx, Paula
Issue Date: 2017-01
Keywords: politics of memory
anti-communism
mass violence
myth-making
youth
history education
history
memory
narrative
Indonesia
Southeast Asia
Abstract: This thesis examines the ways in which the history of 1965-66 is remembered and represented in contemporary Indonesia, both in national public space and among a group of high school pupils in Yogyakarta. The history of 1965-66, a history of mass killings and imprisonment of hundreds of thousands of alleged communist Indonesians, has for a long time been silenced and mystified by anti-communist myth-making that was created under Suharto’s authoritarian rule. Despite the end of Suharto’s regime in 1998 and numerous attempts to counter the state propaganda, this master-narrative that labels victims as perpetrators deserving of their fate is still widely available in contemporary Indonesian state and society. This thesis examines how and why master- and counter-narratives of “1965” continue to exist and circulate in Indonesia today. By combining a focus on contestations of the past in public space with research into the perceptions of the younger generation in particular, it explores how the politics of memory work in everyday practice. A survey conducted among 170 high school pupils in Yogyakarta provides unique insight into the highly complex and problematic ways in which the history of 1965-66 is remembered by a group of young Indonesians today. Thereby, this thesis provides further insight into the lasting legacies of mass violence in post-authoritarian Indonesia.
Supervisor: Schulte Nordholt, Henk
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Department: Asian Studies (Research master)
ECTS Credits: 30
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/45481
 

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