Mensenrechten en staatsveiligheid: verenigbare grootheden? : Opschorting en beperking van mensenrechtenbescherming

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Mensenrechten en staatsveiligheid: verenigbare grootheden? : Opschorting en beperking van mensenrechtenbescherming

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Mensenrechten en staatsveiligheid: verenigbare grootheden? : Opschorting en beperking van mensenrechtenbescherming
Author: Loof, J.P.
Publisher: Wolf Legal Publishers - Nijmegen
Leiden University, Faculty of Law, Dept. of Public Law
Issue Date: 2005-11-10
Keywords: Human rights
National security
Derogation of human rights
Abstract: In a time of terrorist attacks and other crises, governments are faced with the question how to protect the population and the national security. Many states tend to use instruments and take measures that infringe upon human rights and individual freedoms in order to protect national security. At the same time, UN Security Council resolutions stress that the 'fight against tarrorism' should take place within the borders set by the rule of law, by international human rights treaties and international humanitarian law. Next to that, international human rights contain a certain 'positive obligation' for states to adequately protect national security and the right to life of the population against terrorist attacks. Therefore, there is a tense and also complicated relation between human rights and national security. The question arises whether there is a way to secure that human rights and national security are compatible entities. This study analyses the relevant articles from human rights treaties and the jurisprudence of international monitoring organs (European Court of Human Rights/UN Human Rights Committee) in order to find out whether international law leaves room for states to limit or even derogate human rights in states of emergency or other situations that threaten national security. The study shows that international law indeed does leave some room, but only limited. In very serious crises that amount to a public emergency threatening the life of the nation, states may derogate from the ordinary level of human right protection, but even during such serious crisis situations there is no 'carte blanche' for states to take any measures they deem necessary. Certain human rights are given absolute protection, even in crisis situations, and emergency measures that interfere with non-absolute human rights should pass a test of strict necessity and proportionality. In this field new norms and concepts have been developed during the last decades. It is, however, clear that the international monitoring of human rights protection during states of emergency and other severe crises needs improvement.
Description: Promotor: E.A. Alkema
With summary in English
Printed copies can be ordered through bookshops or from Wolf Legal Publishers at; the recommended price is €50,-
Faculty: Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid
Citation: Loof, J.P., 2005. Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
ISBN: 9058501477

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application/pdf Curriculum vitae 50.86Kb View/Open
application/pdf Index 42.99Kb View/Open
application/pdf List of case law 68.71Kb View/Open
application/pdf References 153.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 11 - Summary in English 130.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 10 157.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 9 333.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 8 661.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 7 301.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 6 129.2Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 5 508.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 4 263.8Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 3 269.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 2 399.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 1 83.90Kb View/Open
application/pdf List of abbreviations 25.35Kb View/Open
application/pdf Table of Contents 37.53Kb View/Open
application/pdf Preface 23.63Kb View/Open
application/pdf Title pages 24.90Kb View/Open

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