A grammar of Lepcha

Leiden Repository

A grammar of Lepcha

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: A grammar of Lepcha
Author: Plaisier, Heleen
Publisher: LUCL, Faculty of Arts, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2006-02-16
Keywords: Linguistics
Language description
Grammars
Sino-Tibetan
Tibeto-Burman
Kalimpong
Darjeeling
Sikkim
Himalayas
Abstract: This book is a descriptive grammar of Lepcha, a Tibeto-Burman language spoken in Sikkim, Darjeeling district in West Bengal in India, in Ilam district in Nepal, and in a few villages of Samtsi district in south-western Bhutan. The data for this study were collected during several sojourns amongst the Lepcha people in Kalimpong and Sikkim between 1994 and 1998. The grammar includes chapters on phonology, morphology, derivation and sentence particles, as well as morphologically analysed example sentences and texts, a bilingual glossary and an index. This grammar is the first modern description of the Lepcha language. Lepcha has no elaborate conjugational morphology. Nouns lack a grammatical gender distinction and show no agreement with articles, adjectives or verbs. There is no verbal agreement morphology and actants are not morphologically indexed in the verb. Tense, mood, aspect and other meanings of the verb are expressed by the use of postpositions and auxiliary verbs. Although Lepcha is unmistakably a Tibeto-Burman language, its exact position within Tibeto-Burman is still unclear. Whilst Lepcha may lack the formal complexity of some Himalayan languages, the interest of Lepcha morphology lies in the semantics of the grammatical categories expressed by the Lepcha repertoire of endings and auxiliaries.
Description: Promotores: G.L. van Driem, F.H.H. Kortlandt
With summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit der Letteren
Citation: Plaisier, H., 2006. Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
Sponsor: NWO Spinoza-programme Kortlandt CNWS, LUCL
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/4379
 

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