||BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
The selection of the most suitable animal species and subsequent translation of the concentration-effect relationship to humans are critical steps for accurate assessment of the pro-arrhythmic risk of candidate molecules. The objective of this investigation was to assess quantitatively the differences in the QTc prolonging effects of moxifloxacin between cynomolgus monkeys, dogs and humans. The impact of interspecies differences is also illustrated for a new candidate molecule.
Pharmacokinetic data and ECG recordings from pre-clinical protocols in monkeys and dogs and from a phase I trial in healthy subjects were identified for the purpose of this analysis. A previously established Bayesian model describing the combined effect of heart rate, circadian variation and drug effect on the QT interval was used to describe the pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic relationships. The probability of a ≥ 10 ms increase in QT was derived as measure of the pro-arrhythmic effect.
For moxifloxacin, the concentrations associated with a 50% probability of QT prolongation ≥ 10 ms (Cp50) varied from 20.3 to 6.4 and 2.6 μM in dogs, monkeys and humans, respectively. For NCE05, these values were 0.4 μM vs 2.0 μM for monkeys and humans, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS
Our findings reveal significant interspecies differences in the QT-prolonging effect of moxifloxacin. In addition to the dissimilarity in pharmacokinetics across species, it is likely that differences in pharmacodynamics also play an important role. It appears that, regardless of the animal model used, a translation function is needed to predict concentration-effect relationships in humans.