The lazy mindreader : a humanities perspective on mindreading and multiple-order intentionality

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The lazy mindreader : a humanities perspective on mindreading and multiple-order intentionality

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: The lazy mindreader : a humanities perspective on mindreading and multiple-order intentionality
Author: Duijn, Max Johannes van
Publisher: Faculty of the Humanities, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2016-04-20
Keywords: Mindreading
Mentalizing
Multiple-order intentionality
Theory of mind
Narratology
Cognitive linguistics
Abstract: Human interaction is characterised by an ongoing polyphony of perspectives and perspectives-on-perspectives. Not only do we share and coordinate our own inner life with that of the people we interact with, but we also constantly make implicit and explicit reference to the intentional states of others who may or may not be present at the time of speaking, or who may even exist only in the imagined worlds of thought and fiction. In the cognitive sciences, this polyphony has generally been conceptualised as a series of embedded 'orders of intentionality': A thinks that B understands that C expects... (etc.). I argue that this conceptualisation stands in stark contrast to how multiple perspectives are handled in actual discourse and interaction. Based on linguistic and narratological analysis of literary texts, newspaper articles, examples from spoken discourse, and stimuli from psychological experiments investigating multiple-order intentionality in the lab, a new perspective is offered on how we deal with networks of embedded and interlinked intentional states. The findings are discussed in the light of current theories about mindreading (a.k.a. ‘theory of mind’), discussing in particular cognitive models, issues of development and learning, and scenarios of how this capacity may have evolved in our lineage.
Description: Promotores: Ineke Sluiter, Arie Verhagen
With summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit Geesteswetenschappen
Citation: Duijn, M.J. van, 2016, Doctoral Theis, Leiden University
Sponsor: NWO Spinozapremie, toegekend aan Ineke Sluiter in 2011
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/38817
 

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application/pdf Introduction 381.6Kb View/Open
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application/pdf Conclusion 409.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf References 431.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 377.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Acknowledgements_Curriculum Vitae 350.4Kb View/Open
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