Aliteracy : causes and solutions

Leiden Repository

Aliteracy : causes and solutions

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Aliteracy : causes and solutions
Author: NielenThijs, Martinus Johannes
Issue Date: 2016-01-26
Keywords: Attentional bias
Reading skill
Reading frequency
Reading motivation
Aliteracy
Abstract: The reading motivation of the majority of students declines in the upper half of primary school, which implies a risk for aliteracy: Students can read but, due to lack of practice, their skills remain underdeveloped (Chapter 2). In this thesis we have explored causes and solutions for this important issue. A potential cause is that due to an accumulation of negative reading experiences, students acquire negative emotions about reading. Findings in chapter 3 show that anxiety about reading exists, in particular among low performing students. This anxiety likely contributes to a loss of interest in reading. In chapter 4 we reported on an experiment that tested whether the availability of reading materials make a difference. Students from schools with an enriched school library were more motivated to read, read more often and were better readers than students from schools without an enriched school library. Finally, in Chapter 5 we examined the potential of digital guidance during students__ reading. We found that particularly a susceptible group (carriers of the DRD4 7-repeat allele) benefits from external support during reading. These students show increased learning and even outperform their less susceptible peers when support is provided.
Promotor: Supervisor: A.G. Bus Co-Supervisor: T.M. Sikkema-de Jong
Faculty: Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
University: Leiden University
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/37530
 

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application/pdf Chapter 1 128.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 2 240.6Kb View/Open
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application/pdf Chapter 4 271.9Kb View/Open Full text at publisher site
application/pdf Chapter 5 324.9Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 6 118.3Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 109.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Acknowledgements_Curriculum Vitae_Publications 104.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Propositions 466.3Kb View/Open

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