Detection of child maltreatment based on parental characteriscs at the hospital Emergency Department

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Detection of child maltreatment based on parental characteriscs at the hospital Emergency Department

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Detection of child maltreatment based on parental characteriscs at the hospital Emergency Department
Author: Diderich-Lolkes de Beer, Hester
Publisher: Department of Social Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC), Leiden University
Issue Date: 2015-11-04
Keywords: Child maltreatment
Emergency Department
Parental characteristics
Substance abuse
Domestic violence
Abstract: Child maltreatment is a serious social problem leading every year to the es timated deaths of approximately 155,000 children worldwide. Many more suffer lifelong consequences. It is notoriously difficult to detect vic tims of child maltreatment, despite its frequent occurrence. This becomes apparent if one compares the numbers of reported victims of child maltreatment with the known prevalence numbers. In the United States of America (USA), a total of 676,569 children are yearly reported to the Child Protecive Services (CPS) while prevalence studies indicate that an estimated 2,905,800 (or 39.5 per 1,000) children were victims of maltreatment in the study year 2005/2006. In the Netherlands, 19.254 children are yearly reported to the Reporting Center for Child Abuse and Neglect (RCCAN), while an estimated 119,000 (34 per 1,000) children are victims of child abuse every year. This disserta tion describes the development and validation of a protocol that seeks to contribute to reducing the gap between the prevalence and detec tion of child maltreatment. The ‘Hague protocol’, as this protocol was named, introduces parental characteris as a critical piece of informa tion that considerably increases the detec tion of child maltreatment at hospital emergency departments.
Description: Promotores: . A.M. Oudesluys-Murphy, S.E. Buitendijk, Co-Promotor: M. Dechesne
With Summary in Dutch
Faculty: LUMC
Citation: Diderich-Lolkes de Beer, H., 2015, Doctoral Thesis, Leiden University
ISBN: 9789082448306
Sponsor: Medisch Centrum Haaglanden
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/36076
 

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