To what extent is the gradual deterioration in NATO-Russia relations between 1991-2014 causally related to NATO's eastward expansion in Eastern-Europe?

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To what extent is the gradual deterioration in NATO-Russia relations between 1991-2014 causally related to NATO's eastward expansion in Eastern-Europe?

Type: Master thesis
Title: To what extent is the gradual deterioration in NATO-Russia relations between 1991-2014 causally related to NATO's eastward expansion in Eastern-Europe?
Author: Unverdi, Gurbet Behram
Issue Date: 2015-08-31
Keywords: NATO
Russia
Transatlantic
Cold War
contemporary security agenda
euro-atlantic security
security studies
international security
ukraine crisis
Georgian War
neorealism
social constructivism
enlargement
bmd
ballistic missile defence
annexation of crimea
CFE
EU
nato-russia council
NRC
NRF
USA
USSR
Putin
Russia
Obama
New Cold War
post-Cold War
reset
Abstract: Recent challenges in the relationship between NATO and Russia have led to suspension of political and military cooperation. This thesis assesses the causal relationship between the gradual deterioration of relations and NATO’s expansionism to Eastern Europe. This research uses process tracing of key events and developments to draw a historical pattern of the transformation in the relationship since the ending of the Cold War up until the Ukraine Crisis of 2014. To analyse the relation, this work uses a hybrid model of neorealist and social constructivist theories to understand power relations and motivations that underlie the developments. Overall, NATO’s eastward-enlargement to include former Soviet republics in its membership and its aspirations of creating a European-wide anti-ballistic missile defence system are identified as the main components that fuelled the deterioration in relations with Russia. Responding from a sense of insecurity, Russia has grown more assertive in regional politics to ensure its national interests. Russia has been able to project power in regional politics in aims of regaining its former power status. Russia’s increasingly confrontational stance has eventually manifested in military interventions in Georgia and Ukraine. The current suspension of relations does not constitute a structural new Cold War, but nevertheless is the product of an overall deterioration of relations.
Supervisor: Cusumano, Eugenio
Faculty: Faculty of Humanities
Department: International Relations (Master)
Specialisation: International Studies
ECTS Credits: 10
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/35073
 

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