The Islamic Courts Union: the ebb and flow of a Somali Islamist movement

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The Islamic Courts Union: the ebb and flow of a Somali Islamist movement

Type: Article in monograph or in proceedings
Title: The Islamic Courts Union: the ebb and flow of a Somali Islamist movement
Author: Abbink,J.
Start Page: 87
End Page: 113
Publisher: Brill, Leiden / Boston
Issue Date: 2009
Keywords: Somalia; Islamic movements; State collapse; foreign intervention
Abstract: This chapter deals with the case of the Islamic Courts Union (Midowga Maxkamadaha Islaamiga in Somali) in Somalia, an Islamist movement active between c. 2004 and 2008. The ICU's social and political aims reflected both internal diversity (and division) and a new international positioning. Later called the Supreme Islamic Courts Council, the ICU emerged as an organized force in 2004 and included a military wing from early 2006. In the absence of State authority in Somalia, the ICU had come to control much of the country by 2006. In December of that year, a military campaign by Ethiopia, in support of the Somali Transitional Federal Government, ousted the ICU, which subsequently split and transformed itself into a new military grouping. The chapter argues that the rapid rise of the ICU in 2006 has to be understood against the background of Muslim movements that existed in the country in earlier decades and unsuccessful attempts to establish a national government. It further argues that while local political dynamics were important in the rise and demise of the ICU, the international contacts of all the actors involved also played a crucial role.
Editor(s): Ellis,S.D.K.
Kessel,W.M.J.van
Other Identifiers: oai:ascleiden.nl:075287668:2736
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/31869
 

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