Why not in Syria? 'R2P not the rule but the exception'

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Why not in Syria? 'R2P not the rule but the exception'

Type: Master thesis
Title: Why not in Syria? 'R2P not the rule but the exception'
Author: As, S. van
Issue Date: 2013-06
Keywords: Responsibility to Protect
Realism
Liberalism
Constructivism
Syria
Humanitarian crisis
Abstract: This thesis is inspired by the will to understand why the international community stands by while mass atrocities are committed by the Syrian government. My research question ‘Why does the international community not intervene in the humanitarian crisis in Syria?’ forms the premise for this thesis. My main argument is that because of the non-consensus within the international community about R2P as a norm, there is a lack of political will to intervene in the situation in Syria. Furthermore, I argue that this lack of consensus is caused by the protection of the national interests of the states involved, especially the security of their sovereignty. These arguments are substantiated by the acceptance of my hypotheses which are based on the core assumptions of realism, liberalism, and constructivism. These hypotheses show that the protection of sovereignty, the lack of a common interest, and the non-consensus about R2P are crucial aspects in the decision not to intervene in the humanitarian crisis in Syria.
Supervisor: Erk, Dr. J.G.Spirova, Dr. M.S.
Faculty: Faculty of Social & Behavioral Sciences
Department: Political Science (Master)
Specialisation: Political Science (Master)
ECTS Credits: 20
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/25879
 

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