From infancy to young adulthood : The Leiden Longitudinal Adoption Study

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From infancy to young adulthood : The Leiden Longitudinal Adoption Study

Title: From infancy to young adulthood : The Leiden Longitudinal Adoption Study
Author: Schoenmaker, Christie
Publisher: Child and Family Studies, Institute of Education and Child Studies, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2014-04-16
Keywords: Adoption
Longitudinal
Development
Parenting
Early malnutrition
Cognition
Sensitivity
Attachment
Emotional reactivity
Physiological reactivity
Abstract: We examined the development of international adoptees from infancy to young adulthood, and factors influencing developmental outcomes in middle childhood, adolescence and young adulthood. The results for cognitive development (Chapter 2) showed that early malnutrition influenced cognitive and health-related outcomes, but its consequences did not extend to socioeconomic success later in life. The human brain seems capable of adapting to changing environmental influences, but earlier placement in a positive family environment should be preferred (see also Chapter 1). The adoptees in the Leiden Longitudinal Adoption Study were exposed to few adversities due to their early adoptive placement, and the combination with the nurturing environment of a permanent adoptive family resulted in positive cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes (Chapters 2 and 3). Our results for longitudinal (sensitivity) and concurrent relations (reactivity to infant crying) with attachment representations in young adulthood (Chapters 3 and 4) clearly point to this role of the family environment in predicting social-emotional outcomes. High parenting quality is important, also in families where children do not share a common genetic basis with their parents. In sum, adoption can be seen as a positive intervention and the (adoptive) family environment matters for children growing up from infants to young adults.
Description: Promotores: F. Juffer, M.H. van IJzendoorn
With Summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen
Citation: Schoenmaker, C., 2014, Doctoral Thesis, Leiden University
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/25253
 

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