The rise of a capital : on the development of al-Fusṭāṭ’s relationship with its hinterland, 18/639-132/750

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The rise of a capital : on the development of al-Fusṭāṭ’s relationship with its hinterland, 18/639-132/750

Title: The rise of a capital : on the development of al-Fusṭāṭ’s relationship with its hinterland, 18/639-132/750
Author: Bruning, Jelle
Publisher: Leiden Institute for Area Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2014-04-02
Keywords: Early Islamic Egypt
Papyrology
Political history
Social history
Centre-periphery
Abstract: This thesis studies the relationship of the town al-Fusṭāṭ, located at the southern end of the Nile delta in Egypt, and its hinterland in the period between the town’s foundation in A.D. 641 and the arrival of the Abbasids in 750. Non-literary sources such as papyri and inscriptions (Arabic, Coptic, and Greek) and archaeology form the main source material of this thesis. Some topics, however, cannot be addressed but via medieval historical sources. The thesis presents four case studies: on (1) the administrative relationship between al-Fusṭāṭ and Alexandria, (2) the economic development of Alexandria after the foundation of al-Fusṭāṭ, (3) al-Fusṭāṭ’s role in the military administration of Upper Egypt, and (4) al-Fusṭāṭ and the legal administration of Upper Egypt. This thesis’s main findings are that the relationship between al-Fusṭāṭ and the rest of Egypt before 750 developed in three main steps: (1) c. 641 until c. 661, a period in which fiscal and military aspects dominated this relationship; (2) c. 661 until c. 700, a first period of centralization (civil, military, and legal administration) coinciding with the Sufyanids’ come to power; and (3) 700 until 750, a second period of centralization (civil, legal, and economic) coinciding with the Marwanid reforms. Egypt, al-Fustat, Alexandria, capital, military, economy, law, papyrology, early Islam
Description: Promotor: P.M. Sijpesteijn, Co-Promotor: M.L.M. van Berkel
With Summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit Geesteswetenschappen
Citation: Bruning, J., 2014, Doctoral Thesis, Leiden University
Sponsor: European Research Council
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/25008
 

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application/pdf Notes_Introduction 404.8Kb View/Open
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application/pdf Part II: Chapter 4 504.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Conclusion 210.2Kb View/Open
application/pdf Appendices 755.7Kb View/Open
application/pdf Bibliography 455.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 145.4Kb View/Open
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