Ecology and conservation of spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777)in human dominated landscapes in Northern Ethiopia

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Ecology and conservation of spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777)in human dominated landscapes in Northern Ethiopia

Title: Ecology and conservation of spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777)in human dominated landscapes in Northern Ethiopia
Author: Yirga Abay, Gidey
Publisher: Institute of Environmental Sciences (CML), Department of conservation Biology, Faculty of Science, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2013-12-05
Keywords: Adaptability
Coexistence
Ethiopia
Hyena diet
Hyena human interaction
Spotted hyena (Crocuta crocuta)
Abstract: Most scientific literature on hyena-human interrelationships in Africa sug-gests conflict situations, often resulting in the killing of hyenas. Hyenas survive with difficulty in human-altered habitats and coexistence between hyenas and local communities is problematic. This is because hyenas need extensive areas, usually with few people and sufficient prey. In contrast to this, the present dissertation presents an exceptional case of peaceful co-existence between hyenas and humans. Based on regular observations of hyenas and anecdotal reports, I hypothesized that hyenas in the Tigray re-gion, northern Ethiopia, survive in human-dominated landscapes because of a unique combination of adaptation to anthropogenic food and cultural tolerance towards hyenas. My research aimed to investigate hyena ecology and behavior in human-dominated and prey-depleted landscapes in Tigray. Hyenas are common in many parts of Ethiopia, and in most of those areas, prey populations have been depleted. In northern Ethiopia, the natural prey base is depleted due to agricultural expansion, deforestation, human settle-ment, and habitat fragmentation and degradation
Description: Promotores: H.Leirs, G.R. de Snoo, Co-promotor: H.H. de Iongh
With summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit der Wiskunde en Natuurwetenschappen
Citation: Yirga Abay, G., 2013, Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
ISBN: 9789064647147
Sponsor: MU_UMB and VLIR_UOS
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/22747
 

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