Neandertals in the forests : a palaeomagnetic study of the Eemian interglacial stage deposits from north-western and central Europe

Leiden Repository

Neandertals in the forests : a palaeomagnetic study of the Eemian interglacial stage deposits from north-western and central Europe

Title: Neandertals in the forests : a palaeomagnetic study of the Eemian interglacial stage deposits from north-western and central Europe
Author: Sier, Mark Jan
Publisher: Human Origins, Faculty of Archeology, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2013-11-13
Keywords: Blake event
Land sea correlation
Eemian
Last interglacial
Paleomagnetism
Abstract: One of the key periods to understand the Neandertal ecological niche and tolerances in Europe is the Eemian. This interglacial stage is the last and best documented interglacial stage in which Neandertals were present in Europe. This study aims to contribute to the debate on Neandertal environmental tolerances of this period in Europe by improving our knowledge of the timing of Neandertal occupation. In order to further specify the timing and character of this occupation, detailed palaeomagnetic and environmental studies were carried out at the interglacial sites of Neumark Nord 2 (Germany), Rutten (The Netherlands), and Caours (France). For the Last Interglacial, a global stratigraphic marker has been documented, the so-called Blake Event. This palaeomagnetic event is recorded in both marine and terrestrial sediments and has been found in settings which allow direct correlation with the Marine Isotope Stage record. Our palaeomagnetic studies at Neumark Nord 2, Rutten and Caours have provided a strong indication for the presence of a palaeomagnetic event which we have identified as the Blake. We were able to correlate this Blake Event to the pollenzones of the Eemian sensu stricto at Rutten and at Neumark Nord 2. The observed position of the Blake Event in relation to the Eemian in north western and central Europe supports a time lag of 5000 years between the onset of the Eemian in the south and the northern-central parts of Europe. This result has consequences for views of the chronological and geographical limits of the Neanderthal range. As an example, our correlation indicates that both Neumark Nord 2 and Caours were occupied well after the MIS 5e global high sea level stand. This implies that during these occupations, easy access to the British Isles was blocked by the fully developed English Channel, possibly explaining the absence of hominins in what is now Great Britain at that period
Description: Promotor: J.W.M. Roebroeks, Co-promotores: M.J. Dekkers, J.M. Parés
With summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculty of Archeology
Citation: Sier, M.J., 2013, Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
Sponsor: This research was funded by the NWO Spinoza premium awarded to Wil Roebroeks
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/22207
 

Files in this item

Description Size View
application/pdf Full text 10.74Mb View/Open
application/pdf Cover 110.7Kb View/Open
application/pdf Title page_Contents 326.3Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 1 Introduction 595.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 2 4.169Mb View/Open Full text at publisher site
application/pdf Chapter 3 1.116Mb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 4 3.225Mb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 5 2.310Mb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 6 Conclusions 586.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary 200.2Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 200.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Acknowledgements_Curriculum Vitae 215.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Back cover 102.9Kb View/Open
application/pdf Propositions 116.2Kb View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)