State and food in South Korea : moulding the national diet in wartime and beyond

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State and food in South Korea : moulding the national diet in wartime and beyond

Title: State and food in South Korea : moulding the national diet in wartime and beyond
Author: Park, Kyoung-Hee
Publisher: Leiden University Institute for Area Studies (LIAS), Faculty of the Humanities, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2013-02-21
Keywords: Colonial Korea
Dietary reform
Food education
South Korea
Wartime food policies
Abstract: This dissertation examines the governmental policies through which people’s food practices were intervened in, controlled and modified in twentieth-century South Korea. The main focus is on the wars that occurred in twentieth-century Korea, as it acted as an important stimulus in increasing state interference in the daily diet of the people and contributed to the transformation of Korean foodways. Despite constant changes in the administration – from the Japanese colonial authorities (1910-45) and the US Military Government (1945-48) to the South Korean government (1948-) – food-related policies have remained at the core of the country’s politics due to the overwhelming importance of food as a political tool. The Japanese measures of food-control instituted during the Asia-Pacific War set the overall tone for the country’s food policies through which the authorities exercised vast control over the food c onsumption of its people. They were reinforced by post-colonial authorities as part of stabilization policies under the circumstance of the Korean War and the Cold War tensions surrounding the country and of economic policies. Modern Korean foodways have been great influenced by state policies that were formulated against a backdrop of war (and the threat of it), colonialism and industrialization, all of which were entangled with each other in complex ways
Description: Promotor: K.J. Cwiertka
Faculty: Faculteit der Letteren
Citation: Park, K.-H., 2013, Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
Sponsor: The Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO, Vidi grant no. 276-53-003)

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