A grammar of Gaahmg, a Nilo-Saharan language of Sudan

Leiden Repository

A grammar of Gaahmg, a Nilo-Saharan language of Sudan

Title: A grammar of Gaahmg, a Nilo-Saharan language of Sudan
Author: Stirtz, Timothy M.
Publisher: LOT, Utrecht
Issue Date: 2012-02-07
Keywords: Agented passive
Antipassive
ATR
Body part locatives
Clitics
Perfect aspect
Replacive grammatical tone
Texts
Tone
Abstract: This thesis investigates the grammar of Gaahmg, a Nilo-Saharan, Eastern Sudanic language spoken in the Blue Nile Province of North Sudan. The comprehensive description provides an analysis of the phonology, morphology, and syntax. Ten texts of various genre are given to help illustrated the grammar in context. Gaahmg is morphologically rich, employing many suffixes and clitics on nouns, adjectives, and verbs. Tone and [ATR] quality distinguish a significant number of lexemes and grammatical functions. Several specific processes of consonant weakening, vowel elision, [+ATR] spreading, [+round] spreading, and morphological tone rules, account for the vast majority of alternations when morphemes are combined. The syntax is equally interesting. Agentive passive, agentless passive, antipassive, and causative verb forms are syntactically and morphologically distinct and combine in nearly all possible ways. All pronouns use vowel features to represent the person referred to, the three persons coinciding with the language's three vowel harmony pairs. Body part locatives are similar in form and meaning to inherently possessed body part nouns, but are a distinct lexical category in form and function. These and other features make the description a valuable resource for Nilo-Saharan linguists as well as those interested in the typology of African languages.
Description: Promotor: M.P.G.M. Mous, Co-promotor: M.G. Kossmann
With summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit der Letteren
Citation: Stirtz, T.M., 2012, Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
Series/Report no.: LOT dissertation series;296
ISBN: 9789460930782
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/18452
 

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application/pdf Chapter 1 Introduction 203.0Kb View/Open
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application/pdf Chapter 13 176.7Kb View/Open
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application/pdf Chapter 15 209.6Kb View/Open
application/pdf Conclusion 122.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Texts 331.2Kb View/Open
application/pdf References 146.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 120.9Kb View/Open
application/pdf Curriculum Vitae 82.47Kb View/Open
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