The Relationship between Language skills, Social Communication, Emotion Regulation and Externalizing Problem Behavior in Children with an Additional X Chromosome: An Explorative Study

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The Relationship between Language skills, Social Communication, Emotion Regulation and Externalizing Problem Behavior in Children with an Additional X Chromosome: An Explorative Study

Type: Research master thesis
Title: The Relationship between Language skills, Social Communication, Emotion Regulation and Externalizing Problem Behavior in Children with an Additional X Chromosome: An Explorative Study
Author: Tjon-A-Ten, Paivi
Issue Date: 2012-01-25
Keywords: language skills
social communication
emotion regulation
Klinefelter syndrome
Triple X syndrome
externalizing behavior
Abstract: The aim of this study is to explore the role of language skills, communication and emotion regulation in relation to the degree of externalizing behavior. Studying children with an additional X chromosome, who are known to have language deficits, can reveal insights into the underlying mechanisms of the development of externalizing behavior problems. A total of 85 normal developing children (34 boys and 51 girls) and 33 children with an additional X chromosome (16 girls and 17 boys) participated in the study. All children were tested on language skills (vocabulary, word associations, formulating sentences and concealed meaning) and emotion regulation (Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire- kids). Parents completed questionnaires to assess social communication (Autism Questionnaire-children and Pragmatics Profile) and externalizing behavior (Social Skills Rating System and Child Behavioral Checklist).Our results indicate poorer language and social communication skills, more externalizing problem behavior and lowered levels of self-control in children with an additional X chromosome. Emotion regulation strategies were similar to controls although rumination was more often used as a regulation strategy. Though no direct association between language skills and externalizing behavior was found, findings did indicate an indirect association via social communicational skills. The findings also suggest that emotion regulation was linked to externalizing behavior. Future studies should focus on these possible risk factors in relation to the development of externalizing behavior. This might provide more insight into the treatment of the children with an additional X chromosome, as they have an high risk to develop externalizing behavior problems, early in life.
Supervisor: Rijn, dr. Sophie van
Faculty: Faculty of Social & Behavioral Sciences
Department: Developmental Psychopathology in Education and Child Studies (Research MA)
Specialisation: Developmental Psychopathology in Education and Child Studies (Research)
ECTS Credits: 45
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/18446
 

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