Joseph Priestley, grammarian : late modern English normativism and usage in a sociohistorical context

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Joseph Priestley, grammarian : late modern English normativism and usage in a sociohistorical context

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Joseph Priestley, grammarian : late modern English normativism and usage in a sociohistorical context
Author: Straaijer, Robin
Publisher: LOT, Utrecht
Issue Date: 2011-03-01
Keywords: Codification
Corpora
Descriptivism
Historical sociolinguistics
Joseph Priestley
Letters
Prescriptivism
Standardisation
Abstract: The eighteenth century was a key period in the establishment of standard modern English. This period, referred to as the Late Modern English period, witnessed the publication of an unprecedented number of normative works aiming to define ‘correct’ English. Joseph Priestley (1733–1804) is best known as a scientist and theologian, but his Rudiments of English Grammar, first published in 1761 is an important work in the wave of English normative grammars of the late eighteenth century. Using a multi-disciplinary approach, this book investigates Priestley’s role as a codifier of the English language. The author demonstrates that the influence of Priestley’s grammar on the language has been underestimated and merits re-evaluation. Priestley’s ideas on grammar are related to his broader philosophical thinking. It is shown that, although Priestley is usually seen as one of the few descriptive grammarians of the period, his grammar also contains decidedly prescriptive elements, and that his adherence to the force of usage should be qualified. In addition, Priestley’s usage is compared to the rules in his grammar using a corpus of Priestley’s personal correspondence, created for this study.
Description: Promotor: I.M. Tieken-Boon van Ostade
With summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit der Letteren
Citation: Straaijer, R., 2011, Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
Series/Report no.: LOT dissertations
271
ISBN: 9789460930522
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/16552
 

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