Catalytic behavior of Cu, Ag and Au nanoparticles. A comparison

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Catalytic behavior of Cu, Ag and Au nanoparticles. A comparison

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Catalytic behavior of Cu, Ag and Au nanoparticles. A comparison
Author: Lippits, Meindert Jan
Publisher: Leiden Institute of Chemistry (LIC), Faculty of Science, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2010-12-07
Keywords: Gold
Silver
Copper
Lithiumoxide
Ceriumoxide
Nanoparticles
Ethylene oxide
Abstract: Clearly gold deposited as nanoparticles on a support is a very active catalyst in contrast to bulk gold which does not show any catalytic activity. The question arises if this particle size effect is exclusively valid for gold catalysis or can a similar effect be found in other metals? In the research described in this thesis we investigated copper and silver based catalysts for similar particle size effects as for gold based catalysts. In contrast to gold bulk silver and copper are known to be active in catalysis and both metals are used as catalysts. Silver is the metal of choice for the formation of ethylene oxide from ethylene but also for the formation of formaldehyde in the BASF process. A Cu/Zn-based catalyst is used for the synthesis of methanol from CO and \hydrogen, and copper-based catalysts are also active in oxidation reactions. As the interaction between the gold nanoparticles with the additives is very important for the catalytic activity, the effect of additions of lithiumoxide and ceria have also been investigated for the silver and copper based catalysts. These additives stabilize the nanoparticles and ceria which is known for its oxygen storage and oxidation capacities and is one of the best additives for gold based catalysts. Various oxidation and dehydrogenation reactions have been investigated over copper, silver and gold based catalysts, which are presented in this thesis. In chapter 2 the preferential oxidation of CO is discussed. Chapter 3 deals with the selective oxidation of \ammonia. Chapter 4 is devoted to the oxidation and dehydrogenation of methanol. Chapter 5 presents the results of formation of ethylene oxide in the oxidation and dehydrogenation of ethanol on silver and copper based catalysts. In chapter 6 more results of ethanol dehydrogenation and oxidation on gold based catalysts are presented. Chapter 7 gives insight into the activity of gold based catalysts in oxidation and dehydrogenation of 1-propanol and 2-propanol.
Description: Promotor: B.E. Nieuwenhuys
With Summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit der Wiskunde en Natuurwetenschappen
Citation: Lippits, M.J., 2010, Doctoral Thesis, Leiden University
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/16220
 

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