Industria y trabajadores textiles en Tlaxcala : convergencias y divergencias en los movimientos sociales, 1906–1918

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Industria y trabajadores textiles en Tlaxcala : convergencias y divergencias en los movimientos sociales, 1906–1918

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Industria y trabajadores textiles en Tlaxcala : convergencias y divergencias en los movimientos sociales, 1906–1918
Author: Santibáñez Tijerina, Blanca Esthela
Publisher: Department of Latin American Studies, Faculty of Humanities, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2010-09-30
Keywords: Mexican Textile workers' movement
Social Movements
Mexican Revolution
Abstract: This study analyses the life and the organizations of Mexican textile workers in two concrete historic events. First, during the Porfiriato, as the period from 1876-1911 has been called, in which President Porfírio Díaz managed to establish order in Mexico, attract foreign capital, and create favourable conditions for railroad construction, mines and industry. The second period under consideration is that of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920), which started as an insurgent movement in November 1910 by Francisco I. Madero against the recent re-election of President Porfírio Díaz. This dissertation concerns the development of the textile industry in Tlaxcala from the 1880s onwards and with a special focus on the relationships between workers and textile industrialists. The state of Tlaxcala is located on the eastern high plain of Central Mexico between Mexico City and the coastal area of the state of Veracruz. During the Porfiriato an industrial corridor developed between Orizaba, Veracruz, and Atlixco in the far west of the state of Puebla. Tlaxcala textile industries are part of this corridor. The analysis in this study is based on three groups of actors in the textile industry of Tlaxcala: the workers, the industrialists and the local government between the middle of the nineteenth century and the end of the so called Armed Revolution in 1920. Our focus is on the development of the textile industry during the Porfiriato, the effects of the industrialization on the mainly indigenous peasant communities, the social and geographical origin of the workers, the beginnings of their labour organizations and the formulations of their protests as presented in three key moments, that is, the strikes of 1905-1906 under president Díaz, those of 1911-1912 under president Madero and finally those of 1918 under president Carranza.
Description: Promotor: P. Silva, Co-promotor: R.T.J. Buve
With Summary in Dutch
With Summary in English
Faculty: Faculteit der Letteren
Citation: Santibáñez Tijerina, B.E., 2010, Doctoral Thesis, Leiden University
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/16003
 

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