Challenges to the occupation of North-West Europe during the late Middle Pleistocene

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Challenges to the occupation of North-West Europe during the late Middle Pleistocene

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Challenges to the occupation of North-West Europe during the late Middle Pleistocene
Author: Ashton, Nicholas Mark
Publisher: Faculty of Archaeology, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2010-05-11
Keywords: Climate
Demography
North-West Europe
Palaeolithic
Pleistocene
Abstract: This thesis examines the challenges and human responses to changes in climate and environment in occupying north-west Europe from MIS 11 to MIS 5e (c. 420–125 ka). The first part studies human habitats and environments in Britain during MIS 11 and concludes that humans were attracted to the more dynamic, open river valleys in temperate climates, which provided a greater variety of resources. Part 2 examines population change in Britain from MIS 13 – MIS 5e using the archaeology from the different terraces of the Thames and Solent rivers. Using artefacts as a proxy for population, both river systems suggest peak populations in MIS 13 and 11, with low populations or human absence from MIS 6 to MIS 4. Part 3 examines the reasons for this probable absence of humans. The major differences between the archaeological records from Britain and continental Europe suggests that it was the island status of Britain that controlled population, largely governed by the progressive subsidence of the floor of the North Sea Basin
Description: Promotor: W. Roebroeks
With summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculty of Archeology
Citation: Ashton, N.M., 2010, Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/15370
 

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application/pdf Introduction 136.0Kb View/Open
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application/pdf Discussion and summary 209.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 14.07Kb View/Open
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